Bengaluru: Economy, Industries, and Infrastructure

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Located in the heart of South India, Bengaluru(previously, Bangalore) is the third most populous city in India after Mumbai and Delhi, with a total population of 12.3 million.

It is among the world’s top 10 fastest growing cities with an average economic growth rate of 8.5 percent.

Major industries

Bangalore is home to a wide range of heavy and light industries, as well as high-tech and service industries including information technology (IT) and electronics, telecommunications, aerospace, pharmaceuticals, biotechnology, food processing, automobiles, banking and finance, mining, steel, and cement production.

Given the city’s reputation as the country’s garment capital, textiles and local handicrafts are also prevalent in the city’s economy.


Bangalore is the leader in India’s biotechnology industry. It is host to leading biotechnology companies and start-ups, in addition to research and development (R&D) facilities such as the Indian Institute of Science, the National Center for Biological Sciences, the Jawaharlal Nehru Center for Advanced Scientific Research and the University of Agricultural Sciences.

The Karnataka state government has established 18 biotechnology finishing schools, which first began accepting students in 2012, to nurture qualified, industry-ready graduates. Bangalore is home to the majority of these institutions.

Government support for Karnataka’s biotech sector include providing biotech companies financial incentives and concessions under the Karnataka Industrial policy,  offering active single window clearance process for biotech projects, handled by the Karnataka Biotechnology and Information Technology Services (KBITS), establishing biotech parks across various parts of the state, and encouraging the development of bioinformatics, among other initiatives.

Information technology and services

Bangalore is the IT capital of India and is often branded as the Silicon Valley of India. It houses several big players in technology and services such as Goldman Sachs, Bosch, Hitachi, IBM, Cisco, HP as well as India-based giants like Tata, Infosys, and Wipro.

With 40 percent of India’s IT industry located in Bangalore, the city is among the most favored destination for IT and other knowledge-based industries. The city’s IT and related services account for about 55 percent of Karnataka’s state gross domestic product.

Some of the major IT parks in Bangalore are Integrated Hitech Software Park, International Tech Park Ltd., Prestige Tech Park, Safina Software Technology Park, Salarpuria Infinity, Brigade Tech Park, Manyata Tech Park, and Bagmane Tech Park.

The presence of a large number of software companies and IT professionals has given rise to a unique culture of mentorship and networking in the city – making it the biggest technology start-up hubs in India. In the last three years, Bangalore has attracted the highest quantum of start-up investments at an annual average of US$4 billion.

Garments and textiles

Karnataka is a major producer of cotton and silk and is the country’s center for textile and garment manufacturing. The state contributes to 20 percent of the garment production, valued at US$1.56 billion.

The government has actively promoted the sector by setting up apparel parks across the state, offering modern facilities and convenient infrastructure. Among these are the Doddaballapur Integrated Textile Park and Apparel Parks Phase II and III, located in Bangalore’s rural district.

Bangalore City Profile (2)


Bangalore’s urban infrastructure has not kept pace with its fast pace economic growth. To improve connectivity and congestion problems, the city has invested heavily in road and public transportation projects in the last 10 years.

Public transport

A rapid transit system called Namma Metro runs across the city – making it easy to use public transport. The system has two operational corridors (42.3 km elevated and underground rail network), servicing 41 stations. Once complete, Namma metro will connect central locations in Bangalore to outer regions.


Bangalore has an extensive network of roads connecting it to other parts of Karnataka and India. The Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation (BMTC) offers bus services with high frequency routes that form a grid around the twelve major roads that run through the city center.


The Bangalore Railway Station is the main railway station in the state of Karnataka. It connects Bangalore to most cities in Karnataka, as well as other metros like Mumbai, Chennai, Kolkata, and Delhi. The City railway station is an important junction for Indian train travel and sees over 200,000 commuters each day.


The city’s Bengaluru International Airport, which opened in 2008, is one of the busiest airports in India, servicing 10 domestic airlines and 21 international airlines. The terminal is located 40 kilometers from the center of Bangalore, with an airport shuttle service operated by BMTC connecting the two.

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