Delhi is located in the north of India and borders the states of Haryana and Uttar Pradesh. The capital of Delhi state is New Delhi, India’s third largest city. Delhi area covers more than 1,480 square kilometers. Furthermore, the city and state act as the travel hub to northern India.
Delhi is one of the fastest growing Indian regions and home to growing business and commercial activity in addition to its main role as the political center of the nation. Following its attractive investment policies, Delhi is becoming one of the nation’s most preferred investment destinations, providing opportunities in almost all sectors, particularly information technology, tourism, and small scale industry.
|Area||1,483 square kilometers|
|NSDP at current prices (2010-2011)||Rs 247,017.04 crore/ USD 43,356,657,619|
|GSDP at current prices (2010-2011)||Rs 261470.09 crore/ USD 45,888,972,003|
|Nominal GDP (2011-2012)||Rs 313,934 crore/ USD 57 billion|
|Literacy rate||86.34 percent|
|FDI||USD 7,983 million|
|Principal religions||Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity|
|Principal languages||Hindi, Punjabi, Urdu, English|
The roads in Delhi have been receiving significant financial allocations during the past few years which has led to a well-connected road network. Delhi is the state with the second most dense road network, with a density of over 1,700 kilometers of road per 100 square kilometers and a total length of over 30,000 kilometers. There are five national highways passing through the capital: NH-1, NH-2, NH-8, NH-10, and NH-24. Thanks to the Golden Quadrilateral project, Delhi is now connected by highway to Mumbai, Kolkata, and Chennai.
Delhi Transport Corporation (DTC) buses are the most popular means of transportation in Delhi. They operate not only within the cities but also to neighboring states. All buses run with compressed natural gas to control the pollution, making DTC the world’s largest compressed natural gas bus service. Other bus services run by private companies are also available.
The railway in Delhi directly links India’s capital to all major cities via its four main railway network. Over 350 passenger trains and 40 cargo trains travel to Delhi daily.
As well as these railway networks, Delhi is also working hard to establish a high-quality metro network which should cover the whole city by 2021. The first 2 phases are already completed, creating a total of 142 stations expanding over 189.63 kilometers.
Delhi has a well-developed aviation sector and has an extensive network of international and domestic flights across its three airports. Indira Gandhi International Airport is used for international flights, Palam Airport for national air services, and Safdarjung Airport for training purposes. The Indira Gandhi International Airport is the world’s 30th busiest and 8th largest airport. Over 50 airlines connect to 55 scheduled international destinations. The airport is directly accessible by metro or through the national highway system.
The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor
The Delhi-Mumbai Industrial Corridor (DMIC), a state-led development zone, is currently under construction in the region. The USD 90 billion project, which is funded by the state in addition to financial and technological support from the Japanese government, promises state-of-the-art infrastructure and an inviting investment climate for foreign enterprises, and is expected to span 1483 kilometers over 6 states. As part of the DMIC, the Indian government will establish a Multi-modal High Axle Load Dedicated Freight Corridor (DFC) between Delhi and Mumbai which will cover the DMIC’s total 1483 kilometer route. Additionally, the DMIC will include a variety of other infrastructure projects, such as power facilities and rail connectivity to ports en route.
The Delhi State Industrial Development Corporation has established a number of industrial estates designed to attract investment, including Kirtinagar Industrial Area, Mangolpuri Industrial Area, Naraina Industrial Area and the New Okhla Industrial Development Area (Noida). There will also be a new knowledge-based industrial park in Baprola, as well as four industrial estates established through the Corporation’s Public Private Partnerships (PPP) in Bawana, Nerla, Okhla and Patparkanj.
The government of Delhi is in the process of expanding IT and IT-enabled services throughout the city. This includes several measures, such as setting up the first Information Technology Park of Delhi at Shastri Park. The government has also created an IT policy with the aim of creating a conducive investment environment in IT, encouraging the use of IT in areas such as education, agriculture, food safety and governance.
Delhi is India’s center for small-scale industries, which have been vital to the industrial development of the city. These industries manufacture a wide variety of items such as televisions, tape recorders, light engineering machines, automobile parts, sporting goods, bicycles, footwear, textiles, fertilizers, medicine, leather goods, and software.
The manufacture of certain items has historically been restricted to small-scale operations, with 873 items reserved for small-scale manufacturing at one point. This list has been gradually chipped away by the federal authorities, with only 21 items remaining today. Among these items are wood furniture, laundry detergent, and food products. While large-scale production of the hundreds of now liberalized items is permissible, manufacturers must still acquire industrial licenses and fulfill an export obligation of 50 percent of yearly production.
The Delhi Department of Industries is also further promoting small-scale industries that are modern, high-tech, sophisticated, and export-oriented. Industries that are not resource-intensive are also being encouraged.
Delhi is a fusion of ancient and modern cultures. It has a wealth of beautiful sites in the form of forts, monuments, palaces, gardens, museums, and bazaars, which were constructed by various rulers throughout its long history. These include Lal Quila, also known as the Red Fort; Jama Masjid, one of the country’s most famous mosques; Qutub Minar, a beautiful 13th century tower and UNESCO World Heritage Site; India Gate, a war memorial; Laxmi Narain Mandir (Birla Mandir), a stunning Hindu temple; Humayun’s Tomb; the world-renowned Lotus Temple; and Dilli Haat, a state-organized food and craft bazaar.
To promote tourism, the government set up the Delhi Tourism and Transportation Development Corporation Limited. The corporation distributes tour-related materials through tourist information centers throughout the city, conducts city sightseeing and excursion tours, offers outdoor adventure activities, and has also undertaken the restoration of monuments.
The corporation has also signed a contract with Doordarshan, one of the largest broadcasting companies in India, to promote tourism in Delhi through commercials, documentaries, and special programs.
The Special Economic Development Zone in Noida provides excellent infrastructure, supportive services, and sector-specific facilities for the thrust areas of exports, such as gems and jewellery and electronics software.
The zone offers access to a global telecommunication network, an uninterrupted power supply and an efficient local transport system. A high-capacity telephone exchange has been installed in the zone. Proximity to New Delhi provides easy access to financial and commercial infrastructure of the capital.
SEZs in Gurgaon
There are various SEZs established in Gurgaon. Among them are DLF Cyber City, DLF Limited, and Gurgoan Infospace Ltd. With its excellent road and metro network, Gurgoan is becoming one of the most popular and promising investment destinations in India.