India’s New State of Telangana – The Demographic Data
DELHI – On Monday, the southern state of Andhra Pradesh was formally split in two to create India’s newest state of Telangana in its northern area. The new state, India’s 29th, is bordered by the states of Maharashtra in the north and north-west, Karnataka in the west, Chhattisgarh in the north-east and Andhra Pradesh in the south and east. The city of Hyderabad will serve as the joint capital of Telangana and the residuary Andhra Pradesh for the next ten years.
Telangana Fast Facts:
Area: 114,840 square kilometers – slightly larger than Guatemala or Cuba and the Chinese Provinces of Jiangsu or Zhejiang.
Population: 35,286,757 (2011 census) – similar to Canada, or the Chinese Provinces of Fujian or Heilongjiang.
Religious Makeup: 86% Hindu, 12.4% Muslim, 1.2% Christian, and 0.4% others.
Languages: Telugu, Urdu.
GDP: US$280 billion (estimate) – slightly larger than Greece, similar to the Chinese Province of Anhui.
GDP Growth Rate: 10.2% (2013, about double the India average).
GDP per Capita Income: 7,000 Int$ per annum (estimate), similar to Morocco and the Chinese Province of Anhui.
Government Website: www.telangana.gov.in
Hyderabad Fast Facts:
GDP: US$60 billion (2013), similar to Jacksonville, Florida (USA), slightly lower than Lisbon (Portugal), similar to Changchun (China).
GDP Per Capita Income: 8,500 Int$ per annum – similar to Taiyuan (Shanxi) in China.
Direct International Air Connections: Bangkok, Dubai, Hong Kong, Kuala Lumpur, London, Singapore. Connected to all major Indian cities.
The new state is well known for its minerals, which include extensive coal deposits mined for power generation and industrial purposes, and extensive limestone deposits which are utilized by cement factories. Telangana also has deposits of bauxite and mica.
Through Hyderabad, Telangana is well connected by road, rail and air links, and new airports and improved road and rail infrastructure are expected to be developed soon in several other major cities including Warangal, Nizamabad, Karimnagar, Ramagundam and Kothagudem.
Although inland, the state is served mainly through the port at Vadarevu on the eastern coast of Andhra Pradesh, about 170km east of Hyderabad. The port, which is part of the Vadarevu and Nizampatnam Industrial Corridor (VANPIC), is also an upcoming industrial park. It covers some 13,000 acres, including 4,000 acres for port development. In 2011, the property consultant Jones Lang LaSalle estimated the site as being worth US$250 million at the time of its purchase from local farmers, and it is now undergoing extensive redevelopment.
The new state is now India’s 15th largest in terms of GDP and population. With the new state government comprised of an assertive business and development focused cadre, and the region historically producing GDP growth figures twice the Indian national average, Telangana can be expected to develop as an industrial hub for India within the next decade.
Editor’s Note: Figures on the new state of Telangana are based upon estimates as no official data yet exists. Because of this, readers are advised to use the data provided in this article as a guideline as they await the release of official data after the completion of Telangana’s first fiscal year. The data presented here has been aggregated from various sources including the World Bank, International Monetary Fund (IMF), Indian Government Ministry of Statistics, Chinese Ministry of Commerce, and the findings of Indian Supreme Court Justice BN Srikrishna, who was commissioned to evaluate the economic viability of creating the state in 2010. For further information, please refer here.
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