Potential for European Investment in India to Increase after Elections
DELHI – According to a new report from the Europe India Chamber of Commerce (EICC), India will remain an increasingly popular destination for European companies and investors despite persistent shortcomings in the country’s legal and intellectual property rights (IPR) regimes.
Entitled “European Companies in India: Reigniting Economic Growth,” the new report explores the experiences of high value European companies operating in India and highlights the potential for growth in several key industries and sectors.
European investment in India totaled nearly US$200 billion between 2004 and 2013, with Britain, France and Germany accounting for more than 60 percent of that total. Britain injected more than US$70 billion in FDI, 35 percent of Europe’s total, in India during that period, followed by Germany (US$34.47 billion) and France (US$22.64 billion).
During the same period, U.S. and Japanese firms only invested US$138 billion and US$50.7 billion, respectively.
“Tactical greenfield investments, landmark acquisitions and steadfast dedication through uncertain economic cycles have been the key ingredients of success enjoyed by European companies in India,” said Sunil Prasad, secretary general of EICC, “The common consensus is that the next government [will] usher in a fresh round of growth.”
A key theme of the report focuses on the need for patience when investing in India, and the importance of playing the ‘long game’ rather than expecting noticeable short-term gains.
“The global headquarters should not expect their India units to rake in profits every quarter. Companies that invest in India need to have a lot of patience and deep pockets to sustain cash flow uncertainties. They should focus on the potential and not the short-term challenges,” commented Adith Charlie, research head at EICC.
“The sheer scale, diversity and regulatory and tax complexity of India can be overwhelming for a foreign company. Companies have to be patient and committed to experience sustainable growth in the country over the longer term,” Ambassador of the EU Delegation to India, Joao Cravinho, wrote in the study’s forward. “The European Union is committed to strengthening EU-India trade relations, and we are confident that the conclusion of the EU-India Broad-based Bilateral Trade and Investment agreement is possible in the near future.”
Persistent IPR and Legal Issues
According to the report, a key challenge for many European companies operating in India remains the country’s weak intellectual property rights (IPR) regime and inconsistent legal system.
“India must sort out some contours of its IPR regime. The legal system must be fast-tracked and the use of compulsory licensing (CL) for essential pharmaceutical drugs must be the exception and not the norm. Many EU companies find out that the actual market scenario in India is distinctly different from their original understanding,” the report stated.
High-profile legal battles between the Indian government and European companies such as Nokia and Vodafone over taxation and manufacturing have cast doubt upon the integrity of the county’s legal and tax system in recent years.
IPR protection also remains a major concern for European firms after the Indian patent office’s decision to grant India-based Natco Pharma Ltd. a compulsory license to manufacture and sell Bayer AG’s patented cancer treatment drug Nexavar in March 2012 – a move that triggered a wave of panic among pharmaceutical companies with operations in the country.
“While India has all the right ingredients to thrive, many obstacles remain and, unless these are addressed urgently with all seriousness, India risks losing out to other emerging countries. Investors have been deterred by the poor investment climate in India and vexing tax issues,” Prasad emphasized.
Despite several challenges facing European investors in India, domestic market growth potential, India’s proximity to booming markets and consumers and the nation’s skilled workforce were cited among three key reasons to consider future investment.
Funded by the EU European Business and Technology Centre (EBTC), the full EICC report is now available for download on the EBTC’s website.
“To ensure continued high levels of FDI essential to India’s future economic growth, government and industry alike must engage in novel thinking and disciplined implementation, said EBTC director Poul Jensen. “Only then will the so urgently required paradigm shift happen.”
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