What are India’s Latest Guidelines on International Travel?

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  • India has withdrawn the travel restrictions it had imposed on UK travelers (revised order issued on Wednesday, October 13, 2021). “Revised guidelines for UK nationals arriving in India issued on October 1, 2021, stand withdrawn, and earlier guidelines on international arrival dated February 17, 2021, shall be applicable for those arriving in India from the UK”, the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare notified. 
  • India’s new visa norms stipulate that visas will be granted to foreigners only if they use water and air routes, not land routes. The Ministry of Home Affairs has allowed the gradual resumption of international travel to start from October 15, 2021 and tourist and e-visas will be issued for only a single entry per month. From November 15, all individual foreign nationals (on fresh tourist visas) will be allowed to enter India after observing prevailing COVID-19 protocols as notified by the Ministry of Health & Family Welfare. 
  • The Indian High Commission in Dhaka, Bangladesh tweeted that the frequency of flights between India and Bangladesh will increase starting October 15, 2021 as per Air Bubble arrangement.
  • Starting October 11, 2021, travelers from India to the United Kingdom who have received both doses of Covishield will not need to take pre-departure and day-8 PCR tests or undergo 10-day quarantine at a declared address. ​​
  • Indian media report on changes to UK travel advisory for Indians after the UK High Commissioner to India, Alex Ellis, tweeted on Thursday that fully vaccinated Indian travelers with both doses of Covishield would no longer need to quarantine in the United Kingdom, starting from October 11, 2021. The announcement follows a tussle between the two countries on the recognition of India’s vaccine program and certification and New Delhi’s tit-for-tat move to implement similar restrictions on British travelers to the country as Indians have been subject to when traveling to Great Britain. Now, India will be added to Britain’s list of countries and territories with approved proof of vaccination at 4 am on Monday, October 11.
  • The Union Home Ministry announced on Thursday that India will allow foreign tourists traveling by chartered flights (Vande Bharat and air bubble flights) from October 15, rest from November 15, 2021. Foreigner tourists will be allowed to come in on non-charter flights from November 15 unless the extended restrictions on scheduled flights is substantially lifted. See the Home Ministry’s press briefing here and reporting by the Economic Times here.
  • The Hindustan Times reporting on October 2: “Australia’s visiting trade and tourism minister Dan Tehan said foreign students will be able to start “returning towards the end of this year and the beginning of next year”, ahead of the start of the first semester in February-March 2022. The Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) of Australia listed Covishield and China’s Coronavac (Sinovac) as “recognised vaccines” after an initial assessment of data on protection offered by the two jabs.”
  • The state of Kerala has implemented new quarantine rules for international travelers from October 4, 2021. All international travelers, irrespective of their vaccination status, must take RT-PCR tests on arrival in the state. According to the new guidelines, travelers from the UK will have to undergo 10-day quarantine at home or the destination address. Passengers from South Africa, Brazil, and Europe will have to undergo a 7-day mandatory quarantine on arrival. See media report here.
  • The UK government updated its travel advisory for UK travelers to India after New Delhi’s decision to impose reciprocal curbs on visitors from the UK starting Monday (October 4). From October 4, UK travelers arriving in India, irrespective of their vaccination status, will undertake COVID-19 RT-PCR test on arrival at the airport and on day 8 after arrival at their own cost and will undergo mandatory quarantine at home or at the destination address for 10 days after arrival in India. The Indian government’s move follows England’s new travel norms coming into force on Monday, which require even fully vaccinated Indian travelers to the UK to undergo the same level of PCR tests and quarantine restrictions as unvaccinated travelers. This is because the UK government is yet to officially recognize India’s vaccine certification.
  • For evacuation flight schedule Phase 14 (October 1, 2021 to March 26, 2022), see Air India Vande Bharat Mission here (download PDF): https://www.airindia.in/images/pdf/VBM-schedule-dtd-30sep2021-PHASE14.pdf.
  • CoWin, India’s digital platform for COVID-19 vaccination, is allowing travelers to download an international version of their COVID-19 vaccine certificate, which is compliant with WHO’s international travel guidelines. This feature went live on September 30, 2021, and allows fully vaccinated individuals to update their existing photo identity to passport number and date of birth to get their International Travel Certificate. See website: https://www.cowin.gov.in/
  • On Tuesday, a notice from the Director General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) extended the suspension of scheduled international commercial passenger flights to another month, that is, till October 31, 2021. The notice states: “In partial modification of circular dated 26-06-2020, the competent authority has further extended the validity of circular issued on the subject cited above regarding scheduled international commercial passenger services to/from India till 2359 hrs IST of October 31, 2021. This restriction shall not apply to international all-cargo operations and flights specifically approved by DGCA”.
  • Times of India is reporting: “Direct connectivity has finally resumed between India and Canada after almost five months”, starting September 27, 2021. New protocol regarding WHO-approved vaccination status and RT-PCR / testing requirements have been released (https://travel.gc.ca/destinations/india#flights).
  • The United States will re-open to air passengers who have received COVID-19 vaccines from China, India, and UK, among other countries, from early November, the White House said Monday. The Economic Times reports: “In the coming weeks, CDC will be issuing a contact tracing order requiring airlines to collect current information from each US bound traveler, including their phone number and email address. This will enable CDC and state and local public health officials to follow up with inbound travelers, and those around them as someone has potentially been exposed to COVID-19 or other pathogens.”
  • The Economic Times reporting that the e-visa facility for the UK and Canadian citizens has been withdrawn from the first week of August this year. The treatment appears to be based on reciprocal considerations. As per a Ministry of Home Affairs official, “Now, they have to apply for a regular sticker visa at the Indian embassy. Tourist visa is already suspended and people visiting India under other categories of visa now have to apply for regular sticker visas.” India has also denied e-visa facility to Chinese nationals due to the Galwan Valley incident.
  • The UK will be soon overhauling its traffic light system, with foreign countries now listed as either ‘red’ or OK for travel (rest of the world). The amber list has been scrapped. A relatively relaxed testing regime has been introduced – changed to a cheaper lateral flow version, but still mandated even for fully vaccinated passengers; pre-departure tests will be rolled back. However, testing for unvaccinated passengers from non-red countries will include pre-departure tests, day 2, and day 8 PCR tests. Test to release remains an option to reduce the self-isolation period. Eight countries will move from the red list on September 22 and the rules for international travel to England will change on October 4, 2021. See here for the complete UK government notification.
  • Media reports are saying the UK is expected to overhaul its travel guidelines starting October 1, after the country’s health minister expressed that “he wanted to get rid of” expensive PCR tests for travelers as soon as possible. A new system based on vaccination status may be introduced, instead of the current traffic light system where countries are categorized as green, amber (like India), and red. The UK’s Heathrow Airport saw a 71 percent drop in footfall in August when compared to the same month before the pandemic struck.
  • A reminder that the validity of Indian visa or stipulated period of stay for foreign nationals who have been stranded in India due to the pandemic is till September 30, 2021, having been extended by a month. For further visa extension, the foreign national can apply for extension of visa on the online e-FRRO platform on a payment basis, which would be considered as per guidelines. “Before exiting the country, they may apply online for an exit permission on e-FRRO portal, which would be granted by the FRRO/FRO concerned on gratis basis without levy of any overstay penalty,” the Home Ministry has said.
  • Air India announced on September 6 [see Twitter announcement here] that it is resuming flights to Saudi Arabia from India. “Air India opens bookings from India to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). Before booking tickets kindly read the travel guidelines carefully. Bookings opened through Air India Website, Booking Offices, Call Centre & Authorised Travel Agents. It will be the sole responsibility of the passengers to ensure his/her eligibility to enter the destination country. Air India will accept no liability in this regard”. 
  • Kuwait will resume direct commercial flights with India on Tuesday, September 7, the country’s civil aviation authority said on Monday. Passengers should note travel guidelines.
  • Travelers from India can fly to 49 cities across 18 countries in September under the Air Bubble arrangements. However, the Ministry of Civil Aviation clarified that the schedules for these flights are valid only till September 30. “These flights can be booked through Air India website, Air India offices, and Travel Agents”, it stated, further adding that the schedule will also depend on the COVID-19 situation, and thus could change at short notice. See here for the full list of cities with which India has an Air Bubble agreement. 
  • Flight operations between India and Bangladesh have resumed under the Air Bubble arrangement. The Ministry of Civil Aviation (MoCA) said: “Passengers traveling from Bangladesh to India shall be mandatorily subjected to self-paid confirmatory molecular tests on arrival at the Indian airports concerned (port of entry). Therefore instead of a blanket restriction of 140 passengers per aircraft it is proposed that the capacity may be restricted to a specific percentage of the installed seat capacity of the aircraft (say 90 percent or 95 percent).”
  • At a press briefing, the federal health secretary Rajesh Bhushan stated that India now requires travelers from these countries to provide RT-PCR negative reports to travel to India and RT-PCR testing upon arrival: UK, EU, Middle East countries, South Africa, Bangladesh, Botswana, China, Mauritius, New Zealand, and Zimbabwe.
    Meanwhile, the World Health Organization is also closely monitoring a new COVID-19 “variant of interest” called ‘Mu’ (scientific name: B.1.621), increasingly prevalent in Colombia and Ecuador, and whose multiple mutations could result in resistance to vaccines. Read more from Livemint’s reporting here.
  • Media reporting that Brihanmumbai Municipal Corporation (BMC) has made the RT-PCR test mandatory for international passengers arriving at Mumbai airport starting September 3, 2021. The provision of institutional quarantine for international air passengers has been scrapped. In the wake of the COVID-19 variant C.1.2, the RT-PCR test is mandatory for international passengers arriving at Mumbai Airport from UK, Europe, Middle East, South Africa, Brazil, Bangladesh, Botswana, China, Mauritius, New Zealand, and Zimbabwe (at the airport at their own cost). All other passengers exiting Mumbai Airport or taking a connecting flight will have to produce a negative RT-PCR test report conducted within 72 hours of the journey. Read more here.
  • Maharashtra has tightened the rules for international passengers flying into its capital, Mumbai, and other airports in the state. As per the latest order released by Chief Secretary Sitaram Kunte, all international flyers, even those fully vaccinated, are required to hold an RT-PCR negative test that is not older than 72 hours. Maharashtra state has also removed restrictions on flyers from South Africa, European, and Middle East countries, if they follow the prescribed testing and other pandemic containment requirements.
  • India is extending its ban on international flights till September 30, 2021, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) announced on Sunday. As usual, the DGCA clarified, “However, international scheduled flights may be allowed on selected routes by the competent authority on a case-to-case basis”, referring to Vande Bharat and Air Bubble flights. International all-cargo flights shall continue as normal.
  • Media are reporting that Indian passport holders can apply for tourist visas to the UAE if they have not been to India in the last 14 days.
  • The UAE’s latest rules, as announced by state carrier Etihad Airways, stipulate that Indian nationals who have a visa or residence permit issued by the US, UK, or an EU Member State can access its visa on arrival facility. Further, passengers can take a rapid PCR test six hours before their departure instead of four hours now. Quarantine rules will also apply.
  • The US eased its travel advisory for India on August 16, 2021, lowering it to Level 2 – which is considered as safe – following significant improvement in India’s COVID situation. See the Travel Health Notice from the CDC here: https://wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/notices/covid-2/coronavirus-india 
  • Canada has extended the ban on direct flights from India for a fifth time this year (since April) – to September 21, 2021. Transport Canada stated: “passengers who travel to Canada from India via an indirect route will need to obtain a pre-departure negative COVID-19 molecular test result from a third country before continuing their journey to Canada… Travellers who have previously tested positive for COVID-19 must provide proof of a positive COVID-19 molecular test conducted between 14 and 90 days before departure, instead of a negative COVID-19 molecular test. This proof must be obtained in a third country before the continuation of the journey to Canada. You might need to seek entry and stay in a third country for at least 14 days…”. See report in The Hindu here.
  • The Indian Bureau of Immigration noted the specific categories of foreign nationals who are permitted to enter India by water routes or by flights, including those under the Vande Bharat Mission, or ‘Air Bubble’ (Bilateral Air Travel Arrangements) Scheme, or by any non-scheduled commercial flights as allowed by the Ministry of Civil Aviation in its notice MHA O.M. No.25022/24/2020-F.V/F.I dated October 21, 2020. See here for reference.
  • The US eased travel restrictions for India in late July, and has listed India against a Level 3 Travel Health Notice, lowering it from the highest, Level 4.
  • UK moves India from its “red” to “amber” travel list. From August 8, Sunday 4am local time, fully vaccinated passengers traveling from India will not be subjected to compulsory 10-day hotel quarantine. The legal rules stipulate testing requirements and quarantining at home/in place as well as eligibility for exemptions.
  • Spain will allow tourists from India if they are fully vaccinated at least 14 days before travel. Travelers must have been inoculated with a vaccine approved by the WHO or the European Medicines Agency.
  • Reuters reporting the UAE has lifted its ban on transit flights, including from India and Pakistan. The UAE’s National Emergency and Crisis Management Authority (NCEMA) stated on its official Twitter handle that passengers traveling from countries where flights had been banned would be able to transit through its airports from August 5 if they presented a negative PCR COVID-19 test taken 72 hours prior to departure. Final destination approval would also have to be provided, NCEMA added. UAE airports will be arranging separate lounges for transiting passengers.
  • Air India released its Evacuation / Repatriation Flight Schedule (Vande Bharat Mission) for Phase 11 – June 1, 2021 to October 30, 2021. To download the PDF of the schedule, click here.
  • India has once again extended the ban on scheduled international flights, till 31 August, 2021. Cargo flights, air bubble routes, and repatriation flights shall continue their services.
  • India-UAE flights will stay suspended till August 2, as per a notification from UAE national carrier, Etihad Airways.
  • The Economic Times has noted countries that are now open to travelers from India, and their requirements of vaccination or an RT-PCR test.
  • Both the Dubai-based Emirates and the Abu Dhabi-based Etihad Airways have extended the suspension of their flight services from India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh to the UAE till July 31, 2021.
  • The US has made changes to its travel advisory for India, lowering it from the highest Level 4, which means no travel, to Level 3, which urges citizens to reconsider travel.
  • Travel restrictions for Indian passengers planning to travel to Canada will extend for another month, to August 21.
  • Media reporting that France will allow international travelers who have received AstraZeneca’s Indian-manufactured Covishield vaccine into the country starting July 18, Sunday. 15 European countries have now recognized Covishield.
  • Media is reporting that flight bookings from India to Dubai are open, with dates starting July 15.
  • The Indian high commission in Ottawa has requested Canada to lift the ban on direct flights from India, citing inconvenience caused to passengers and Indian students. The ban has been in place since April 22 this year and was extended twice.
  • India’s private airline Go First (formerly GoAir) has announced the resumption of international flights to the Maldives from July 15, 2021, as per media reports.
  • Germany and Maldives are set to allow entry of Indian travelers. Both countries have also allowed non-essential travel from India, as per media reports.
  • Germany’s federal health agency, the Robert Koch Institute (RKI), says India, Nepal, Russia, Portugal, and UK will be reclassified from Wednesday, July 7, meaning any traveler from these countries will be able to enter Germany as long as they observe quarantine rules.
  • Air India Express announced its flight schedule from Kuwait and Dammam in Saudi Arabia to India for July-October 2021 under the Vande Bharat Mission.
  • India has extended the suspension of scheduled international flights till July 31, 2021: DGCA. The restrictions do not apply to international all-cargo operation flights and international scheduled flights on select routes that have been approved by the competent authority on a case-by-case basis.
  • Air India has said it will run direct services between Muscat and Vijayawada “once a week or thrice from the first week of July”. The Vijayawada International Airport resumed international flights to Gulf destinations, such as Dubai, Kuwait, Muscat in June, to Singapore in April.
  • NDTV reports: “The European Medicine Agency has not received a request for the approval of Covishield in the COVID-19 ‘vaccination passport’ with the European Union, the EU said today amid concerns among Covishield-vaccinated Indians facing issues with travel to Europe. The European Union has not yet recognised the India-made version of the AstraZeneca-Oxford University vaccine.”
  • Emirates is expected to resume flights from India to Dubai July 7 but is awaiting more information on protocols from government authorities: PTI
  • Budget carrier Air India Express will operate a total of 64 flights between Malaysia and India in July under Vande Bharat Mission. More below.
  • Many EU visa application centers in India have reportedly resumed operations.
  • On Saturday, June 19, the UAE announced some ease in travel restrictions. However, only passengers with a valid residence visa and who have received two doses of a UAE-approved vaccine will be allowed to travel to Dubai. Additionally, passengers traveling from India must undergo a rapid PCR test four hours prior to departure. They must undergo another RT-PCR test on arrival in Dubai. Consequently, Indian passengers will be required to observe institutional quarantine until their PCR test result, which usually takes 24 hours.
  • Air India Express, Emirates suspend their services from India to UAE till July 6; IndiGo announces new international flight services to Beijing, Moscow, Cairo, Nairobi, Jakarta, and Manila, among others, once COVID-19 restrictions are lifted.
  • New repatriation (Vande Bharat) flights announced by India from Israel, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Thailand, Italy, and Myanmar. Vande Bharat flights will operate to October 31, as per the aviation ministry’s latest update.
  • India announced special operating procedures for priority vaccination of people traveling abroad for education or employment as well as the contingent for the Tokyo Olympics; the government is allowing early administration of the second Covishield dose in these cases if the travel dates fall before the end of the 84-day gap. CoWin vaccination certificates will be linked to the passports.
  • India extends ban on scheduled international flights till end of June 2021.
  • Air India has tweeted it is offering various waivers/flexibility to passengers holding tickets for international travel in case of sudden restrictions due to the pandemic.
  • Starting May 22, 2021, all international air passengers from India must produce a mandatory negative RT-PCR report with a QR code linked to the original report.
  • More countries have instituted travel restrictions and temporary bans on flights to India and return to the home country. A brief list is given below.
  • As expected, India has extended its ban on scheduled international flights till May 31, 2021.
  • Multiple countries announce temporary bans on flights from India, including UAE, Hong Kong, Canada, UK, Indonesia due to COVID surge. Some countries, like the US and Singapore, have announced travel advisory and restrictions.
  • India has restored e-visa facilities for 156 countries. 
  • India has finalized an air bubble agreement with Sri Lanka; all eligible passengers will be able to travel between the two countries “in the near future”: India’s Civil Aviation Ministry. This is India’s 28th air bubble agreement.
  • India has extended its ban on scheduled commercial passenger flights to the country until the end of April.
  • India is working to expand air bubbles with priority countries like Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Japan, China, and Singapore.
  • India’s Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) issued a circular on March 13, 2021 stating that non-compliance with COVID-19 protocols, such as not wearing mask in the aircraft, will result in categorization as ‘unruly passenger’ and they will be asked to de-board / deal with legal consequences.
  • Indian government has agreed to special air bubble arrangements with Seychelles (February) and Uzbekistan (March).
  • India extends suspension of regular international flights till end of March 2021. This was expected due to worries over new COVID-19 strains entering India and thwarting efforts to contain the pandemic outbreak.
  • Delhi International Airport (DIAL) announced new protocols that restrict entry of international travelers to India without a negative COVID-19 test report. Domestic travelers from five Indian states – Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Chhattisgarh, and Kerala – also need to submit negative PCR test reports before entering Delhi.
  • India has issued new guidelines for international travelers as new mutant strains of coronavirus emerge from different countries. It will come in effect 23:59 on February 22, 2021. The guidelines have a specific focus on those arriving from the United Kingdom, Brazil, and South Africa.
  • India, Russia air bubble arrangement comes into effect February 12, 2021.
  • Limited flight connectivity between India and the UK to continue till February 14.
  • Singapore and India are reportedly in talks about resuming scheduled commercial passenger flights gradually between the two countries, but an air bubble is not a part of this discussion.
  • The ban on international flight operations has been extended till February 28 by India’s civil aviation regulator; cargo and specially scheduled flights to continue.
  • Government of India preparing fresh set of standard operating procedures for international tourists.
  • Russia has lifted its travel ban on India, introduced in March last year as part of travel restrictions due to the pandemic.
  • India, UK to resume weekly flights starting January 8, 2021. The flights were suspended from December 23, 2020 due to fears over the UK’s new strain of coronavirus that is highly transmissible.
  • Air India has announced it is starting new services to the US from January in 2021.
  • India has signed air bubble agreements with 24 countries so far: US, the UK, Germany, France, the UAE, Maldives, Canada, Japan, Bahrain, Afghanistan, Nigeria, Qatar, Iraq, Oman, Bhutan, Kenya, Bangladesh, Ukraine, Ethiopia, Kuwait, Nepal, Netherlands, Rwanda, and Tanzania.
  • India, South Korea to discuss establishing an air bubble.
  • India to allow international flyers to take connecting flights to some countries under air bubble routes. More information below.
  • Foreign nationals who wish to travel to India for medical treatment can apply for a fresh visa under this category and choose one attendant to accompany them as per the visa category provisions (that is, if the original applicant has their medical visa approved).
  • As of October 22, 2020, India is allowing all foreign and Indian nationals (including OCI and PIO card holders) to travel to India (except for tourists) and all existing visas (except for tourist and electronic visas) are restored.
  • India is in talks with Italy, Kazakhstan, and others for similar transport air bubble arrangements, as per civil aviation authorities.
  • Air India announced it will operate additional flights between India and Canada from October 25 to March 27, 2021 and bookings for the flights have started. India has an air bubble with Canada.
  • On October 8, 2020, India’s civil aviation authority said the future of international flights will depend on the availability of a vaccine, hinting at the extension of air travel bubble arrangements into March-April next year.
  • Low-cost carrier SpiceJet announces its new flight operations connecting Delhi and Mumbai with London, starting December 4, which will come under the India-UK air bubble agreement.
  • Foreign nationals holding J-1 and J-1X visas are now permitted to enter India.
  • New standard operating protocol announced August 22, 2020 for non-scheduled commercial flights under the repatriation scheme, Vande Bharat Mission, and Air Transport Bubble Agreements.

Commercial international flights have been suspended in India since March 25 this year due to the coronavirus outbreak. While travel restrictions to India have been relaxed, the country’s borders are still closed to tourists.

Below we highlight the latest guidelines for international travel to and from India.

Latest updates

  • For evacuation flight schedule Phase 14 (October 1, 2021 to March 26, 2022), see Air India Vande Bharat Mission here (download PDF): https://www.airindia.in/images/pdf/VBM-schedule-dtd-30sep2021-PHASE14.pdf. The evacuation mission has been in place since May 7, 2020. For destinations operated under air bubble arrangement Phase 13 ( September 1, 2021 to September 30, 2021), click here for PDF download.

  • Money Control outline the vaccine and travel considerations for international student traveling from India: “Vaccination is a must-have criterion for students to attend physical lectures in the campuses. Only vaccines from the World Health Organisation (WHO) approved list are permissible, which could, potentially, eliminate those inoculated by Covaxin.”
  • The Union Health Ministry has issued standard operating procedures (SOPs) for vaccination of people undertaking international travel for educational or employment reasons or are part of the national contingent for the Tokyo Olympics. In such specific cases, the second Covishield may be allowed to get administered early, if the travel dates fall before the end of the 84-day gap. CoWin vaccination certificates will be linked to the passport. See link to MoHFW notice on the website: https://www.mohfw.gov.in/pdf/AdministrationofSecondDoseofCovishieldVaccinePriortoPrescribedTimeInterval.pdf
    In related news, the Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi announced on Monday that from June 21, all citizens above the age of 18 years will be eligible for free vaccines. PM Modi also asserted that vaccine supply would increase significantly in the country in the near future as more candidates finalize trials. The Modi government has now decided that the country’s vaccination program will be based on (75%) central procurement and distribution to the states free of cost, thereby removing unnecessary bottlenecks in supply and access. 25 percent of all vaccines will continue to be administered through private hospitals.
  • Air India has tweeted that the airlines is offering various waivers/flexibility to passengers holding tickets for international travel in view of entry restrictions announced by countries like the UAE, UK, Singapore, and others. For more information: http://www.airindia.in/International-Refunds-And-Travel-Waiver.htm
  • From May 22, 2021, all passengers boarding international flights from India must produce a mandatory negative RT-PCR report with a QR code linked to the original report. The civil aviation ministry came to the decision after multiple reports of passengers producing fake negative RT-PCR reports.
  • A list of countries that have restricted flights/passengers arriving from India include:
    >>Iran (from April 26); Kuwait (from April 24); Taiwan (from May 3); Indonesia (no visas to be issued to foreigners who have visited India in the past 14 days); Nepal (from April 28); Israel (from May 3 to May 16); Singapore (from April 24); Canada (from the intervening night of April 23-24); New Zealand; Germany; Bangladesh (from April 14), Italy (from April 26); Oman (from April 24); Djibouti; Nigeria (from May 4); and the UAE (from the intervening night of April 24-25).
    >>The US Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) updated India’s COVID-19 assessment from Level 3 to Level 4, the highest level on its scale. Consequently, the US restricted travel from India (from April 30) with exemptions for students and journalists.
    >>The United Kingdom has put India on its ‘red list’; foreigners who have been to or transited via India in the previous 10 days will be refused entry to the UK. Local nationals will be subject to 10-day quarantine.
    >>Australia has imposed a ban on its citizens from returning if they spent up to 14 days in India. Flight operations will need special permission from the Australian embassy.
  • The Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) has restored electronic visa (e-visa) facility for foreigners from 156 countries. The e-visa facility is applicable for international tourists who wish to visit India for conferences, medical purposes, or business. The e-visa also extends to medical attendants.
  • On Saturday, April 10, 2021, India’s Civil Aviation Ministry tweeted that: “India has finalized an air bubble agreement with Sri Lanka, making it the 6th such arrangement in SAARC region and the 28th in total.” According to the ministry: “All the eligible passengers will be able to travel between the two countries in the near future.” 
  • India has again extended its ban on scheduled commercial passenger flights; air bubble arrangements will continue and cargo flights will proceed as usual.
  • During parliament proceedings in the upper house, the External Affairs Minister (EAM) S. Jaishankar informed that the Indian government was looking to expand air bubble arrangements with more countries; priority will be given to Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Japan, China, and Singapore.
  • Due to rising coronavirus cases, India’s Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) issued a circular on March 13, 2021 stating that passengers will be de-boarded if they do not wear masks properly inside the aircraft or do not follow COVID-19 protocols. Moreover, if a passenger violates protocol despite repeated warnings, they will be treated as ‘Unruly Passenger’. See circular here.
  • India now has an air bubble arrangement with Seychelles (effective February 22, 2021) and Uzbekistan (effective March 1, 2021), bringing the total number of special bilateral air travel agreements to 27. Reportedly, under this agreement, Indian carriers and carriers from Uzbekistan and the Seychelles can operate allocated flights between their respective countries. (See updated aviation ministry website here.) Indian nationals as well as nationals of Bhutan or Nepal stranded in any country in Africa will now be able to fly from Seychelles to India.
  • Delhi International Airport (DIAL) announced new protocols that restrict entry of international travelers into India without a negative COVID-19 test report. The Financial Express states: “All international passengers have to furnish negative test reports. They have to upload results of the PCR test taken a maximum 72 hours prior to the flight. Passengers from the Middle East, UK and European countries have to again get a PCR test done on arrival at the Delhi airport and those with final destination here can head home after submitting their swab sample.” Air passengers need to submit a compulsory self-declaration form on the Air Suvidha portal that will help screen passengers from high-risk countries, such as the UK, South Africa, and Brazil. The portal will also screen travelers with domestic connections to ensure effective contact tracing.
  • India’s Ministry of Civil Aviation announced fresh guidelines for international travelers to India on Wednesday. The new Standard Operating Procedures (SOPs) will come in effect 23:59 on February 22, 2021. Mutant coronavirus strains, identified as SARS-CoV-2, have been detected in many countries. The fresh guidelines apply to all international travelers arriving/transiting through flights originating from the UK, Europe, and the Middle East.
    Given the context of the mutating strains of the coronavirus, the guidelines focus on those arriving from the United Kingdom, Brazil, and South Africa. As there are no direct flights between India, Brazil, and South Africa – the government has mentioned the transit flight routes from Europe or Middle East.
  • India and Russia have entered into an air bubble arrangement, which will come in effect February 12, 2021. This will be the 25th country with whom India has secured an air bubble travel pact. Indian and Russian carriers will be permitted to operate flights between India and Russia. Any Indian national or national of Nepal or Bhutan destined for and holding a valid visa of Russia will also be eligible to travel to Russia if there is no travel restriction for Indian/Nepalese/Bhutanese nationals to enter the destination country before issue of ticket/boarding pass to the Indian/Nepalese/ Bhutanese passenger.
  • Limited flight connectivity between India and the UK has been extended till February 14 and the India-bound flights from the UK will be allowed only from five international airports, such as Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai, Bengaluru, and Hyderabad.
  • Track India’s air travel bubble arrangements on the civil aviation ministry portal here.
  • Singapore and India are reportedly in talks about resuming scheduled commercial passenger flights gradually between the two countries. However, the Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore (CAAS) has clarified that an air travel bubble arrangement is not a part of this discussion. Currently, air travel between Singapore and India is “restricted to special repatriation flights chartered by the Indian government”.
  • Russia will resume issuing visas for all categories of Indians planning to visit the country by air, as well as to those possessing a residence permit. “In this regard, issuing of visas of all categories (including student visa) to enter Russia via air checkpoints is resumed for the Indian citizens, as well as for persons who have a residence permit,” the Russian Embassy in New Delhi said in a statement. However, the issuance of e-visas remains banned by the Russian government. Flights between Delhi and Moscow are reportedly expected to be operated twice a week. Travelers must submit a valid medical document confirming negative results of the RT-PCR test for coronavirus. 
  • On January 28, Thursday, the Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) announced that the ban on regular international flight operations was extended till February 28. “However, international scheduled flights may be allowed on selected routes by the competent authority on a case-to-case basis,” the regulator clarified.
  • The government released new Guidelines for Surveillance, Containment and Caution (see here) on January 27, which will go into effect February 1, 2021. In the guidelines, it is stated that “For further opening up of international air travel of passengers, the Ministry of Civil Aviation may take a decision in consultation with the Ministry of Home Affairs based on the assessment of the situation.”
  • As per media reports, it appears that the Ministry of Tourism is deliberating on a preparedness plan to restart inbound tourism travel. This will likely include standard operating procedures for international tourists visiting India, who may be required to provide a fixed itinerary (hotel and travel bookings) besides health guidelines, such as proof of vaccination or submitting a negative RT-PCR test and downloading the health tracking app, Aarogya Setu. 
  • On January 25, Russian authorities stated that the travel ban for India, Finland, Qatar, and Vietnam would be lifted. As per its coronavirus crisis response center, Russia registered fewer than 20,000 new COVID-19 daily cases for the first time since November 11.
  • On Friday, January 1, India’s civil aviation ministry confirmed that flights between India and the UK would resume from January 8, 2021. India and UK air carriers will each operate 15 flights per week, that is, a total of 30 weekly flights to and from four metro cities: Bengaluru, Delhi, Hyderabad, and Mumbai.
  • Air India announced on Tuesday that it will start the first-ever non-stop service between Bengaluru and San Francisco from January 9 and between Hyderabad and Chicago from January 13, next year. Currently, Air India operates non-stop flights from Delhi to New York, Newark, Washington, San Francisco, and Chicago and from Mumbai to Newark.
  • India and South Korea are holding talks on starting transport air bubble arrangements between the two countries for the movement of people. India’s Secretary (East) in the Ministry of External Affairs (MEA) Riva Ganguly Das and South Korea’s First Vice Foreign Minister Choi Jong-kun “exchanged views on cooperation in the context of COVID-19, including facilitating essential air travel between the two countries”, according to a press release from the MEA on December 23, 2020. 
  • On Tuesday, December 15, officials from the civil aviation ministry met with representatives from international airlines seeking resumption of normal air travel. The airlines’ representatives asserted that India should first open up connectivity to major hubs in Southeast Asia and the Middle East. However, civil ministry officials remain adamant that opening up air routes, beyond air bubbles (and their possible expansion) will depend on specific country norms. However, the likelihood of air travel to the US, UK, and Canada normalizing in the new year will increase after the roll-out of their vaccination program. Yet, multiple factors will determine whether India allows the resumption of normal air travel, including whether those countries will accept Indian passengers as well.
  • Just before the weekend, India announced some relaxation in the enforcement of its air bubble arrangement. Now international flyers on air bubble routes will be able to take connecting flights to reach other countries. Passengers flying from India to France, Netherlands, Germany, Abu Dhabi, and Dubai can now take further connecting flights to reach South America and Africa. (See here for India’s existing air bubble agreements, now signed with 23 countries.)
  • Previously, the air bubble arrangement allowed Indians to travel to the EU if they were flying to France, Germany.  Indian passengers to Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, and Tanzania can further travel to any country in Africa. Also, it has been reported that passengers between India and Ukraine can travel to and from any of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS countries), except Russia. (Besides Russia, CIS countries include Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.)
  • India and Nepal have entered into an air bubble agreement. According to a statement by the Embassy if India in Kathmandu on December 10, Air India and Nepal Airlines will operate daily flights between the two countries. Initially, there will only be one daily flight schedules from each side. At the start, Indian and Nepalese nationals, those possessing a valid visa (not tourist visa), and people with Overseas Citizenship of India (OCI) and Person of Indian Origin (PIO) cards will be able to avail this service.
  • India has now formalized air bubble arrangements with a total of 22 countries, having recently signed agreements with Ethiopia, Tanzania, Netherlands, Bangladesh, Bhutan, and Oman in addition to earlier agreements done with countries like USA, Canada, Japan, France, and Germany, among others. India is likely in discussion with more countries to establish similar arrangements.
  • India has established a separate bilateral air bubble arrangement with Ethiopia for operation of special international passenger flights between the two countries, the Civil Aviation Ministry announced today.
  • India’s Ministry of Health and Family Welfare issued new guidelines for international arrivals to India on November 5, 2020, which will replace earlier guidelines released on August 2, 2020. The guidelines can be accessed on the ministry’s website: https://www.mohfw.gov.in/ and cover mandatory requirements and obligations for before travel, before boarding, during travel, and on arrival for international passengers. This includes travel by air, seaports, and land ports. However, in addition to these national guidelines, India’s respective state governments may have additional restrictions imposed with regards to quarantine and isolation as per their field assessment after the arrival of passengers in the state concerned. International travelers to India are advised to take note of these guidelines. For example, the state of Karnataka.
  • China has also suspended all flights from India citing the coronavirus pandemic. “The Chinese Embassy/Consulates in India will not stamp the Health Declaration Forms for the holders of the above-mentioned categories of visa or residence permits,” China’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement on Thursday.
  • China is temporarily suspending the entry of foreign nationals living from India. This order will apply to all foreign nationals in India holding valid Chinese visas or residence permits. The Chinese Foreign Ministry statement said: “Foreigners holding Chinese diplomatic, service, courtesy and C visas are not affected. Foreigners with emergency or humanitarian needs to visit China, can submit visa application to the Chinese Embassy/ Consulates in India. The entry into China with visas issued after November 3rd, 2020 is not affected.
    The Chinese Foreign Ministry on Thursday also barred entry to non-Chinese visitors from several other countries, including the UK, Belgium, and the Philippines.
  • India has agreed to air bubble arrangements with Tanzania, Netherlands, and Rwanda under the Vande Bharat Mission Phase 7. This brings the number of countries holding bilateral air bubble pacts with India to 21: Afghanistan, Bhutan, US, UK, Germany, France, Japan, Qatar, Bahrain, UAE, Maldives, Bangladesh, Nigeria, Rwanda, Tanzania, Netherlands, Canada, Iraq, Kenya, Oman, and Ukraine.
  • Latest reporting from the Times of India states that Air India’s air bubble scheme with Tokyo is set to “start from November 2, and shall be operational until December 28, 2020. While flights from Tokyo to Delhi will start from November 4, and shall be operational until December 30, 2020.” The Indian embassy has shared the standard operating procedures (SOPs) for India-bound passengers who want to travel between India and Japan under the air bubble arrangement.
  • The Phase 7 of the Vande Bharat Mission starts October 29, Thursday, and will end November 30. There will be more destinations, flights, and bubble arrangements. The latest updated information can be found at the MEA website here: https://mea.gov.in/phase-7.htm.
  • In a major breakthrough for the country’s medical tourism industry, the home ministry said that in case a foreign national intended to visit India for medical treatment, they will need to apply for a fresh visa under this category, and if approved, the person seeking medical treatment could choose one attendant to get a visa.
  • Breaking News: India’s union home ministry announced on Thursday, October 22, 2020, that the country will be easing visa and travel restrictions for foreign and Indian nationals that wished to enter or leave India. The categories of visas through which people can now enter India include for business, conferences, employment, studies, research, and medical purposes. Barring electronic and tourist visas, all categories of visas will be restored to allow foreign nationals, Indians, as well as holders of Overseas Citizens of India (OCI) cards and People of Indian Origin (PIO) cards to enter the country through authorized airports and seaport immigration check posts. “This includes flights operated under Vande Bharat Mission, Air Transport Bubble arrangements or by any non scheduled commercial flights as allowed by the Ministry of Civil Aviation,” the home ministry’s statement said. All travelers coming into India will have to adhere to the government stipulations on quarantine and COVID-19 testing.
  • India and Bangladesh now have an air bubble agreement in place. Flights between the two countries will resume from October 28, 2020 under this agreement, after an eight-month suspension. While both countries can operate commercial flights, only three Bangladesh airlines NovoAir, Biman Bangladeshi Airlines, and US-Bangla Airlines have been permitted to to operate, and will fly 28 flights per week. Biman will fly on the Dhaka-Delhi and Dhaka-Kolkata routes, US-Bangla Airlines on the Dhaka-Chennai route, and NovoAir will operate on the Dhaka-Kolkata route. 
    Meanwhile, five Indian airlines will operate the same number of flights per week, namely IndiGo, Vistara, SpiceJet, Air India, and GoAir, along these expected routes – Dhaka-Delhi, Dhaka-Kolkata, Dhaka-Chennai, and Dhaka-Mumbai.
  • India now has an air travel bubble arrangement with Ukraine. As per media reports, Ukraine’s capital, Kiev, will be the base for flights between the two countries. India is yet to confirm from which Indian cities will flights operate. The air bubble arrangement with Ukraine is said to be valid until November 30 this year.
  • On October 21, India’s civil aviation ministry announced a resolution had been reached in the stalemate with Germany. It has been agreed that Lufthansa will operate 10 weekly flights in India and Air India will operate 7 in Germany; Air India notified that its schedule will resume October 26, 2020 – which will continue till March 28, 2021. The German airline will fly four flights to and from Delhi, three flights to and from Mumbai, and three flights to and from Bengaluru. Air India will operate five flights to and from Delhi and two flights to and from Bengaluru.
  • India and Germany are still in talks to resume their currently suspended air bubble agreement, which was triggered when Lufthansa carried sixth freedom passengers (passengers flying from one country to another, to board a connecting flight to a third country; many Indians use international carriers like Lufthansa or Emirates to travel to the US or Canada). India does not allow this under its air bubble agreement terms. This is why the Indian Directorate General of Civil Aviation (DGCA) cancelled Lufthansa’s flights between India and Germany from September 30 to October 20.
    Meanwhile, Germany has reportedly withdrawn its order that resulted in the halt of Air India flights to Frankfurt till October 14. India’s civil aviation minister Hardeep Puri said: “The issue is not about allowing foreign carriers in or not. We are all for foreign carriers operating here. Make no mistake. But I think the time has come for the message to go out loud and clear that it will not be done at the expense of the Indian carriers.” He also said, “Under the regulated (air bubble) arrangements, we are not insisting on total parity. Even near parity will do.”
  • Answering a question on whether the air travel bubble arrangements would continue till March-April, on October 8, India’s union civil aviation minister Hardeep Singh Puri said, “It is difficult to say as there is no country which has completely opened its borders for all. It depends on the availability of a vaccine as countries will feel more confident once a vaccine is there.
    “There are basically three issues to consider before resuming regular international flights. One, resuming domestic connectivity connecting bigger cities to smaller town, which we have already done. Second, the nature of the virus on which I can’t comment and the third is international restrictions. Every country wants their people to return, but for others there are plenty of restrictions,” Puri was reported saying.
  • India’s low-cost carrier, SpiceJet, announced it will operate non-stop flights connecting Delhi and Mumbai with London from December 4, which will come under India’s air bubble agreement with the UK. SpiceJet will use an Airbus A330-900 Neo aircraft for these flights. The 371-seater twin-aisle A330 has a configuration of 353 economy and 18 business class seats,” it added. 
  • The list of countries with whom India has air bubble agreements has expanded to 16 destinations – Afghanistan, Bahrain, Bhutan, Canada, France, Germany, Iraq, Japan, Kenya, the Maldives, Nigeria, Oman, Qatar, the UAE, the UK, the US.
  • The Ministry of Civil Aviation announced India’s air travel bubble with Japan, which will allow Indian and Japanese carriers to operate international flight services between the two countries. The air bubble arrangement allows Indian nationals holding any type of valid visa to travel to Japan. Stranded nationals and residents of Japan and foreign nationals holding valid Japanese visas to travel from India to Japan can travel; all Overseas Citizen of India (OCI) cardholders and individuals with valid visas issued by an Indian mission in any category covered under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) guidelines, are also free to travel. They may, however, be subject to border measures and travel restrictions imposed by the Japanese government at the time of travel. Thus, before issuing the tickets or boarding pass, airlines must ensure that there is no travel restriction in place affecting Indian nationals with a particular visa category to enter Japan.
    To recap, last month, India’s Union Civil Aviation Minister, Hardeep Singh Puri, had announced on Twitter that India was negotiating with 13 countries to establish air bubbles for international flight operations: “These countries include Australia, Italy, Japan, New Zealand, Nigeria, Bahrain, Israel, Kenya, Philippines, Russia, Singapore, South Korea, and Thailand.” Of these 13 countries, air bubble agreements with Bahrain and Japan have been confirmed.
  • India’s Ministry of Civil Aviation has collated guidelines for air travel arrangements with 10 countries – Afghanistan, Bahrain, Canada, France, Germany, Maldives, Qatar, the UAE, UK, and USA on its website – https://www.civilaviation.gov.in/en/about-air-transport-bubbles.
  • India’s new standard operating procedures (SOP) for international travelers was announced by the Ministry of Home Affairs on Saturday, August 22: Persons traveling to India on VBM flights must register themselves with the Indian embassy/consulate in the country they are based. Exception is made for people traveling on the Air Transport Bubble Agreement routes. Passengers on air travel bubble routes will no longer need to register with the Indian embassy portal, according to the Home Secretary A.K. Bhalla, who announced the new protocol. India has established air transport bubble agreements with US, UK, France, Germany, UAE, Qatar, and Maldives.
  • The air travel bubble agreement reached between India and the Maldives is in effect; the first flight to Male, the capital, from India left on August 18. This is important news for Maldivians seeking medical treatment in India; India is the second largest and fastest growing tourism market for the Maldives. The Maldives opened their borders to international tourists July 15. 
  • On August 18, 2020, the Ministry of Home Affairs announced, “Foreign nationals holding Journalist (J-1) visa and their dependents holding J-1X visa [are] permitted to enter India. If they have J1 or J-1X visas, which are suspended, such visas stand restored with immediate effect. Fresh visas may be obtained if the validity of such visas [has] expired.”

India’s new guidelines for international arrivals

India’s Ministry of Home Affairs issued new guidelines on Sunday for international passengers traveling to India, which will come in effect starting August 8, 2020, 00:01. See here for the official notification.

The new rules supersede the previous notification published on May 24, 2020. It must be known that while the home ministry’s health protocols apply, India’s respective state governments can develop their own protocol with regards to quarantine and isolation as per their assessment after arrival of passengers. Travelers are therefore requested to also check in with the latest guidelines issued by authorities in the destination state.

Some of the guidelines released by the central government, which will be applicable from August 8, are stated below:

  • All travelers flying to India need to submit a self-declaration form on the online portal – newdelhiairport.in – at least 72 hours before the scheduled travel. On the portal, they must agree to the mandatory quarantine for 14 days – that is, seven days paid institutional quarantine at their own cost, followed by seven days isolation at home with self-monitoring of health.
  • Home quarantine for the full 14 days is permitted only for compelling reasons, such as pregnancy, death in family, serious illness, and parent(s) with children of the age of 10 years or below. They need to apply for such exemption on the online portal (www.newdelhiairport.in) at least 72 hours before boarding. The decision taken by the government as communicated on the online portal will be final.
  • While on board the flight, required precautions, such as wearing of masks, environmental hygiene, respiratory hygiene, hand hygiene etc. are to be observed by airline staff, crew, and all passengers.
  • Travelers may seek exemption from institutional quarantine by submitting a negative RT-PCR test report on arrival. This test should have been conducted within 96 hours prior to undertaking the journey. The test report must be uploaded on the portal for consideration. The passenger has to submit a declaration on the authenticity of the report and will be liable for criminal prosecution, if found otherwise. The test report needs to be produced upon arrival at the point of entry airport in India.
  • Thermal screening will be carried out on all the passengers by the health officials present at the port of entry.

Status of India’s international air operations

The new guidelines for international passengers coming into India do not relate to India’s own international flight operations, which will stay suspended till August 31, 2020. This is because despite multiple lockdowns and a gradual economic reopening (Unlock phase 3), India’s COVID-19 cases continue to surge.

Transport air bubbles set up

However, India is allowing limited movement of passengers via international air bubbles, like many other countries navigating air travel restrictions during the pandemic.

According to a statement by the Indian Director-General of Civil Aviation, Hardeep Singh Puri, “an air bubble is a travel corridor between two countries that will fly their aircraft in a regulated environment.”

India has signed transport bubble agreements with the United States, France, and Germany enabling the operation of a limited number of international flights along these routes.

This travel arrangement allows passengers of Indian and non-Indian nationalities to embark on both legs of their India flights.

India is currently working out the details with the UK to re-open bilateral air routes. The Indian government has now permitted UK carriers to operate flights between the two countries.

However, the ability of passengers to fly to and from India will still depend on how they navigate existing travel restrictions put in place by foreign jurisdictions in their respective destinations.

While quarantine norms and testing criteria stand, passengers must meet India’s home ministry guidelines. Further, travelers should understand the air bubbles will strictly apply to those specific routes. For example, while non-essential travel is being gradually allowed to the European Union, India does not feature in the list of recommended countries from where travel is permitted. Moreover, not every visa type will be allowed entry into the destination country. The reasons for travel allowed to India include repatriation, healthcare, business, manufacturing, expertise in engineering/managerial/design and some other areas, subject to specific conditions being satisfied.

According to ratings agency Icra, India’s passenger traffic levels of 345 million recorded in the year ending March 2019 will likely only be surpassed by the fiscal year 2023. Uncertainty in air traffic recovery will be compounded by subdued demand for leisure travel by risk averse passengers, declining disposable incomes, dip in business travel due to increasing dependence on virtual nodes of communication and firms seeking to cut costs, and the possible continuation of international travel restrictions by various countries.

(Note: This article was originally published on August 4, 2020 and last updated on October 3, 2021.)


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India Briefing is produced by Dezan Shira & Associates. The firm assists foreign investors throughout Asia from offices across the world, including in Delhi and Mumbai. Readers may write to india@dezshira.com for business support in India.

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