Italian Investment into India
By Andrea Bottega
During the 2015 financial year (FY), Italian companies invested US$334.7 million into India. In the first half of the 2016FY – according to India’s Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP) – Italian investments into India already reached US$319.6 million.
Indeed, cumulative Italian investment into India is set to reach US$2 billion by 2020.
Italian companies are taking notice of India’s manufacturing capabilities and growing domestic consumer market. Italian companies are investing in India’s urban growth: participating in India’s Smart Cities Initiative while utilizing the country’s burgeoning tier II cities as strategic manufacturing sites.
Foreign direct investment in India
Since 2014, India’s Prime Minister Narendra Modi has promoted India as an investment destination and global hub for manufacturing, design, and innovation.
India is streamlining bureaucracy and eliminating regulatory bottlenecks, appealing to foreign investors who are impressed with India’s rapid growth but weary of the country’s notorious red tape. In the last three years, the Indian government has eased 87 rules governing foreign direct investment (FDI) across 21 sectors including traditionally conservative sectors such as railway infrastructure and defense.
These reforms are paying off.
In the 2016FY India reported US$62.3 billion in FDI inflow – retaining its ‘crown’ as the top location for greenfield investment for the second consecutive year. In October, 2017, the World Bank ranked India at 100 in its Ease of Doing Business global rankings, a commendable improvement from its 130 ranking in 2016.
Italian companies look to tier II cities
According to the Italian Embassy in India, there are approximately 600 Italian companies currently operating in the country. To put this figure in perspective, 1,500 German companies and 750 French companies are also active in India.
The highest FDI inflows from Italy to India sector wise include:
- Automobile at 54 percent;
- Services at 6 percent; and
- Railways at 4 percent.
Traditionally, Italian companies have gravitated towards India’s major cities such as Delhi and Mumbai. But, with rapid urban growth, Italian manufacturers are identifying India’s growing tier II cities as strategic sites for doing business. These smaller cities offer competitive labor and real estate prices and are making dramatic improvements in connectivity and infrastructure.
For instance, Bonfiglioli, an Italian manufacturer of gearboxes and gear motors, will be investing US$13 million by February 2018 in order to expand their existing manufacturing plants near the southern city of Chennai as well as to establish a new facility in the western city of Pune.
Manufacturing in India’s tier II cities not only provides foreign companies with more direct access to India’s domestic market but serves as an export base to neighboring Asian countries.
‘Smart Cities’ offers new opportunities for Italian companies
During his recent diplomatic visit to India, Italian Prime Minister Paolo Gentiloni identified India’s ‘Smart City Mission’ as an important site for cooperation between the two nations. In 2014, the Indian government announced ambitious plans to transform 100 tier II and tier III cities into ‘Smart Cities’ by drastically improving connectivity and digitization, adequate housing, mobility, and waste management.
Italy currently has one of the highest number of ‘Smart Cites’ in Europe. As Gentiloni commented, Italian companies offer solutions in areas of urban rehabilitation, technological design, waste management, affordable housing, and energy management.
By investing in India’s planned urban growth, Italian companies are simultaneously improving their own opportunities in urban centers where they operate. Improving connectivity and infrastructure in tier II cities will increase the productivity of Italian manufactures while making their products more mobile.
As Indian cities continue to grow, Italian investors can both shape and harness this momentum – expanding their presence not just in India but in nearby Asian markets.
Urbanizing India an ideal investment destination
India is becoming an increasingly important investment destination for Italian companies. Italy’s government and private sector are working together to create deeper economic ties between the two nations. In April 2017, Italy’s largest business delegation to date visited India led by Ivan Scalfarotto, deputy minister for economic development.
Diplomatic visits and business delegations will only shine a brighter spotlight on India’s market potential. As investment into India’s urban growth continues, Italian companies will view India as a strategic manufacturing hub – providing competitive rates and direct access to growing markets.
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